Creative consultant is a credit that has – particularly in the past – been given to screenwriters who have “doctored” a movie screenplay. It is often given by producers in lieu of official credit. Those given this credit in the television field work closely with an Executive Producer and Head Writer/showrunner. They are involved in the writing process (proposing and editing story outlines/scripts). Sometimes they are given the credit of Executive Consultant, Story Consultant or Script Consultant.
The Writers Guild of America disapproves of the credit’s use in film. Tom Mankiewicz’s credit as Creative Consultant for Superman: The Movie appeared after the writers’ credits, leading to a dispute which Mankiewicz ultimately won. In 1993, the producers of Ace Ventura: Pet Detective were fined by the WGA for giving writer Steve Oedekerk a Creative Consultant credit.